We focus on health and education (one of health’s most important determinant) of tribal community. Ultimately, all our programs are geared towards empowerment of the community.
The areas we reach out are divided into two clusters:
- Cluster I: Kaniguma: 42 villages from 5 panchayat (Kaniguma, Sindipadar, Gunpur, Karlapat, Nakrundi and Sagada) with a population of 8677 of which 95% tribal, 4% SC and 1% OBC.
- Cluster II: Kerpai: 33 villages from 3 panchayat (Kerpai, Silet and Nakrundi) with a population of 4914 of which 88% tribal and 12% SC.
Population Statistics is based on 2011 Census.
We have planned a two pronged strategy for five years to attain our goals.
1. Provide health care services to the community
- OPD services at two places (60 km apart): A team of doctors, nurses, paramedics and trained village youth run two 24 x 7 Out Patient centers. These centers provide primary health care of high quality; drugs and investigations free of cost or at affordable rates; laboratory and emergency facilities; and referrals.
- Antenatal and under-five clinical camps at 6 locations every month: Camps are for pregnant mothers and young children. Child health checkup and nutrition programmes are conducted in these camps.
- Tuberculosis (TB) clinics: Innovative, patient centered TB control programme in areas where there are no telephone or mobile coverage; case detection is very poor and non-adherence to drugs is very high.
- Medical Camps: Eye checkup camps and Leprosy detection camps are conducted to detect cases early.
- Health Management Information System (HMIS): Maintains clinic based and community based information. HMIS provides accurate evidence through data in areas where no correct statistics are available.
2. Empower the Community
Educate, empower, train and equip women, youth, children, adolescent girls, farmers and teachers with various skills to create an army of health empowered people. This will ultimately result in a movement of people for better health and free themselves from ill health and illiteracy.
- Swasthya Sathis are married women. Majority of them are illiterate. They are selected by the villagers at village meetings. 75 Swasthya Sathis are being trained as primary health care providers. They are taught to clinically diagnose simple sicknesses and perform simple laboratory tests. The Swasthya Sathis are able to give simple medications with doses adjusted according to age; monitoring growth of children; antenatal and postnatal care; health education etc… They also collect data from their villages on vital events – births, deaths and pregnancies.
- Shikhya Sathis are educated (8th class plus) young men who are selected by the project. 20 Shikhsya Sathis are trained as health communicators. They focus on the national control program for malaria, tuberculosis and leprosy. They implement various control program activities in the rural communities with community participation. They also support Swasthya Sathis in their work.
- Non-formal Education for children: The Shikhya Sathis will eventually be non-formal educators to the village children as literacy is an important determinant of health. With less than 26% people literate and women literacy abysmally low and hardly any children who have reached even up to class 8 in interior tribal pockets, health seems to be a distant reality. Non-formal education is being planned in creative ways which are appealing and acceptable to tribal children and trying to preserve their great culture and traditions.
- Children’s Club: Children’s club is a joyful concept designed for the children from 6 to 14 years. It is mainly focused on the children who had never been to school. Main aim of forming a children’s club is to give them basic education as well as to make them aware of their health. Well-organized and well-functioning children’s club will strengthen their abilities and can change their perception towards the society.
- Health Promoting Schools: It is about transforming our schools in to the nodal points of learning as well as promotion of health in the community. It is a ‘health promotion’ in and through the school. The Stake holders are School going children,Teachers,Parents and the Community. Swasthya Swaraj is facilitating this process. We are trying to educate and promote health of the children and then children become health promoting agents in their families and the community.
- TULSI Program: Adolescent girls are the most neglected and illiterate. This is a program for adolescent girls. It helps them to learn,bloom and develop through their teenage.
- Swasthya Jathra: Mass health education programs in the villages following the tribal culture. These programs are organized in one or two locations as an annual mega event.